He is considered one of the most influential thinkers of the Twentieth Century, even though many of his ideas have been challenged in recent decades. Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 - 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Sigmund Freud Biography and Timeline. "Die Anatomie ist das Schicksal." - "Anatomy is destiny." Born just four years before the start of the American Civil War, Sigmund Freud became the world-famous inventor of psychoanalysis and the vocabulary of neuroses. Sigmund Freud was born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1856.
Freud var en østrigsk læge af jødisk familie, der blev kendt som skaber af psykoanalysen og religionskritiker. Sigismund Schlomo Freud (geb. 6.