21 Jan 2013. Benedict (Baruch) de Spinoza (1632-1677) stands out as a loner among seventeenth century thinkers. He was excommunicated from the Jewish community in Amsterdam for his unorthodox ideas.
Spinoza is undoubtedly one of the greatest rationalist philosophers of the West. He developed the Cartesian theory of Substance into a full-fledged system of symmetry and perfection. Andreas Beck Ретвитнул(а) VfB Stuttgart.